National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 283--288

Efficacy of palonosetron in the management of postoperative nausea vomiting in oral and maxillofacial surgery


Keerthi Rapolu1, Uday Kiran Uppada1, Ramen Sinha1, A V S S Subramanya Kumar2 
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Anesthesia, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Uday Kiran Uppada
Department Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana
India

Objective: The objective is to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic single intravenous dose of palonosetron in the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) following oral and maxillofacial surgical interventions performed through an intraoral approach under general anesthesia (GA). Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 100 subjects who underwent intraoral surgical procedures for the management of maxillofacial trauma, pathology, dentofacial anomalies, and deformities under GA. All subjects received a prophylactic single intravenous dose of 0.075 mg palonosetron along with premedication. Predisposing factors for PONV such as patient age, gender, Apfel risk score, history of motion sickness, smoking, type of procedure, and administration of postoperative opioids were taken into consideration. All the patients were monitored for PONV for the 1st 24 h postoperatively (PO). First, at an interval of 30 min for 1st 4 h and then at every 2 h interval for next 8 h followed by monitoring every 6 h interval till 24 h. Time and frequency of rescue medication were noted. Results: Seventy-nine percentage subjects did not have PONV. 15% subjects had a single episode of vomiting PO which could be attributed to multiple intra oral surgical sites performed as well as longer duration of exposure to anesthetic agents in addition to providing opioid analgesics for the management of postoperative pain. Only 6% subjects needed rescue antiemetic drug. Palonosetron did not show any significant changes in cardiac status and serum profile. Conclusion: Palonosetron is effective in the management of PONV for maxillofacial surgical procedures performed through an intraoral approach under GA.


How to cite this article:
Rapolu K, Uppada UK, Sinha R, Kumar A V. Efficacy of palonosetron in the management of postoperative nausea vomiting in oral and maxillofacial surgery.Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2022;13:283-288


How to cite this URL:
Rapolu K, Uppada UK, Sinha R, Kumar A V. Efficacy of palonosetron in the management of postoperative nausea vomiting in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Natl J Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Oct 7 ];13:283-288
Available from: https://www.njms.in/article.asp?issn=0975-5950;year=2022;volume=13;issue=2;spage=283;epage=288;aulast=Rapolu;type=0