National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133--138

Evidence-based analysis of the effect of smoking on osseointegrated implant outcome


Abeer Ali Hadadi1, Maha S Mezied2 
1 Department of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abeer Ali Hadadi
Assistant Consultant, Department of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia

The outcome of the osseointegrated implant is influenced by various conditions, one of which is smoking. Literature shows conflicting results for the association between smoking and implant success. Hence, the study was conducted to assess the effects of smoking on survival and marginal bone loss of osseointegrated implants. Literature search of published articles in Medline, Scopus, Ovid, and Journal of Web till June 2020 were analyzed for the determined outcomes. Revman 5.4 software was used for the analysis of the study. Of the 437 articles screened, nine were chosen for review and analysis. Meta-analytic results showed that implant success rate was better in nonsmokers than smokers (odds ratio = 0.43, 95% confidence interval = 0.26–0.72, P < 0.0001). Smoking habit does seem to affect the implant outcome of survival and marginal bone loss negatively.


How to cite this article:
Hadadi AA, Mezied MS. Evidence-based analysis of the effect of smoking on osseointegrated implant outcome.Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2021;12:133-138


How to cite this URL:
Hadadi AA, Mezied MS. Evidence-based analysis of the effect of smoking on osseointegrated implant outcome. Natl J Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 5 ];12:133-138
Available from: https://www.njms.in/article.asp?issn=0975-5950;year=2021;volume=12;issue=2;spage=133;epage=138;aulast=Hadadi;type=0