National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 76--79

The newer aspect of dexmedetomidine use in dentistry: As an additive to local anesthesia, initial experience, and review of literature


Prashant Kumar1, Manju Thepra2, Amrish Bhagol2, Kannu Priya2, Virendra Singh2 
1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Pt. BD Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prashant Kumar
17/8 FM, Medical Enclave, Rohtak - 124 001, Haryana
India

Introduction: Despite the availability of a wide variety of pharmacological agents in the field of anesthesia, there has always been a continuous search for newer local anesthetic agents with improved efficacy, potency, and better handling properties. Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist, is an emerging agent for provision of additive local anesthetic effect if used with conventional local anesthetics, which can be implicated in dentistry for performing many minor oral surgical procedures. The present paper reports a pilot study comparing clinical efficacy and potency of this newer emerging drug in combination with lignocaine. Materials and Methods: Ten patients undergoing orthodontic extraction for correction of malocclusion and other dentofacial deformities requiring orthodontic treatment were locally infiltrated with 2% lignocaine plus dexmedetomidine 1μ/ml and 2% lignocaine plus adrenaline in 1:200,000 dilution at two different appointments. The onset of action, duration of action, and pain threshold were assessed. Results: Onset of action was found to be faster with longer duration of action with the newer drug dexmedetomidine and lignocaine combination when compared with combination of lignocaine and adrenaline. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that the combination of dexmedetomidine with lignocaine enhances the local anesthetic potency of lignocaine without significant systemic effects when locally injected into oral mucosa.


How to cite this article:
Kumar P, Thepra M, Bhagol A, Priya K, Singh V. The newer aspect of dexmedetomidine use in dentistry: As an additive to local anesthesia, initial experience, and review of literature.Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2016;7:76-79


How to cite this URL:
Kumar P, Thepra M, Bhagol A, Priya K, Singh V. The newer aspect of dexmedetomidine use in dentistry: As an additive to local anesthesia, initial experience, and review of literature. Natl J Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2016 [cited 2023 Feb 1 ];7:76-79
Available from: https://www.njms.in/article.asp?issn=0975-5950;year=2016;volume=7;issue=1;spage=76;epage=79;aulast=Kumar;type=0