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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 91-96

Minimally traumatic extraction techniques in nonrestorable endodontically treated teeth: A comparative study

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MAHSA University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oxford Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sneha D Sharma
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Sector-89, Kheri More, Faridabad - 121 002, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njms.njms_309_21

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Aim: The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of piezotome as compared to periotome extractions of nonrestorable endodontic treatment of teeth in terms of operational time, pain control, and postoperative bone loss considering the prosthetic rehabilitation in future. Materials and Methods: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted with 100 patients who wanted single-rooted teeth to be extracted (which failed endodontically). The participants have been randomized into two equal groups named as - (i) a periotome group (ii) and a piezotome group. Duration of the surgery, postoperative pain within 7 days, complications (if any) associated with the extraction process were performed as a part of clinical assessment. Bone loss has been analyzed 6 months after the surgery radiographically. The data have been recorded and analyzed using the version 22.0 of the SPSS software package. Results: All parameters in the periotome category (P < 0.05) were statistically significant except for bone loss and gingival laceration in comparison to piezotome group. In the piezotome group, a longer time was observed for surgery and delayed pain control was achieved. In our study, we found statistically significant more marginal bone loss in piezotome group in comparison with periotome group. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that for intraoperative and postoperative comfort periotome could be used as a safer and cheaper option for atraumatic extractions but piezosurgery may prove as a better choice soon for surgeries in the maxillofacial region to maintain soft-tissue integrity.

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