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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 80-84

A comparison of the outcomes following intra-articular steroid injection alone or arthrocentesis alone in the management of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sharda University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Private Practice, Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Cheema Hospital, Chandigarh, India
4 Private Practice, Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Surya Udai Singh
H NO, 1456 Sector 42 B, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njms.njms_291_21

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Context: One of the main causes of chronic facial pain is temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) which may turn out to be a major cause for disability. The two types of treatment strategies may be undertaken to counter temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, namely conservative management and surgical intervention. Surgical management can be classified into invasive open methods and minimally invasive procedures such as arthrocentesis, intra-articular steroid injection, and arthroscopy. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of Kenacort (Triamcinolone) as an intra-articular corticosteroid injection and arthrocentesis for lysis and lavage, for the treatment of the temporomandibular joint disorders. Subjects and Methods: Twenty patients with internal derangement of temporomandibular joint (IDTMJ) not responding to conservative management and meeting the inclusion criteria randomly underwent either intra-articular steroid injection or arthrocentesis and the results of the two procedures were evaluated and compared. Statistical Analysis Used: Unpaired t-test, repeated-measures ANOVA. A value of P < 0.05 is considered to be statistically significant. Results and Conclusion: Both procedures turned out to be successful in reducing pain and improving mouth opening, both in a short-term and a long-term use. Upon comparison in our series of patients, arthrocentesis was noted to be a better treatment modality in the long term for the management of IDTMJ.

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