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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 243-247

Finite element evaluation to compare stress pattern in bone surrounding implant with carbon fiber-reinforced poly-ether-ether-ketone and commercially pure titanium implants

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Sharavathi Dental College and Hospital, Shivamoga, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Subbaiah Institute of Dental Sciences, Shivamoga, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Syeda Amtul Haseeb
Department of Prosthodontics, Sharavathi Dental College and Hospital, Alkola, T H Road, Shivamoga - 577 205, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njms.njms_354_21

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Background: Titanium allergy is a main reason for failure of dental implant. Hence, newer implant biomaterials have emerged such as zirconia and carbon or glass fiber reinforced poly-ether-ether-ketone (CFR-PEEK)-based materials. The aim of the present study was to compare the stress pattern in bone surrounding implant with CFR-PEEK and commercially pure titanium implant. Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional formal model of mandibular first molar partsubstituting with implant supported crown was generated. Implant with dimensions of 10 mm length and 4.3 mm diameter was used in this study. Finite element models of CFR-PEEK and commercially pure titanium implant assemblies were generated. A 100 Newton (N) force was implemented along the long axis and obliquely at 30° to the long axis of implant. Von Mises pressures generated in the bone surrounding implant were analyzed using ANSYS workbench 16.0 and other finite element software. Results: Similar stress distribution was detected in bone surrounding implant with CFR-PEEK implant and commercially pure titanium implant assembly under 100 N force applied vertically and obliquely. Conclusion: PEEK reinforced with carbon or glass fiber implants can be a viable alternative in individuals who are more of esthetic concern and who demonstrate allergy to metallic implants.

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