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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 111-113

First case of deep neck and descending mediastinal abscess caused by dentoalveolar Eggerthia catenaformis infection

1 Department of Interventional Radiology, Cosenza SS. Annunziata Hospital, Cosenza, Italy
2 Department of ENT, Cosenza SS. Annunziata Hospital, Cosenza, Italy
3 Department of ENT, Grosseto Misericordia Hospital, Grosseto, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jacopo Cambi
Via Senese 161, Grosseto 58100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njms.njms_463_21

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Descending mediastinal abscesses arising from oral (dental or peritonsillar abscess) or deep neck infections (DNIs) often become fatal without surgical drainage. Odontogenic origin was the most common cause of DNIs. We report the first clinical case of a patient with descending mediastinal abscess caused by DNI from Eggerthia catenaformis a Gram-positive anaerobic rod that can be rarely a human pathogen. The patient underwent the extraction of carious molars, cervical and thoracic surgical drainage, and targeted antibiotic therapy with resolution of the infection.

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