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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 206-210

Common postoperative complications after general anesthesia in oral and maxillofacial surgery

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Parveen Akhter Lone
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njms.NJMS_66_20

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Aim and Objectives: Anesthesia is Greek word meaning loss of sensation, and involves painful invasive procedure to be performed with little distress and no pain to the patient. Postoperative anesthetic complications are very common and duration of surgery is frequently cited as major risk factor for postoperative complications. The recognition and treatment of these complications are important when providing good quality care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate mild, moderate, and severe postoperative complications in patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery under general anesthesia and also determine the safety of general anesthesia in healthy and patients with comorbidities. Subjects and Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the oral and maxillofacial surgery department. Two hundred and twenty patients who were operated under general anesthesia were taken in study. All relevant past medical and dental records were noted and were supported by preformulated questionnaire and was filled preoperatively and after surgery to 12 weeks. Results: Mild-to-moderate and severe complications were noted. Females showed more complications than males. Most common complications were sore throat, dysphagia, nausea, vomiting, pain, swelling in normal patients, and in patients with comorbidities delayed wound healing, hypertension, and infection were also seen. Conclusion: The use of General Anesthesia is considered safe but it has few risks associated with it and past medical conditions should be evaluated preoperatively.

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